CCIE R&S Written Exam – Introduction

CCIE R&S Written Exam – Introduction

CCNP level of knowledge of…

– Layer 2

• Ethernet, Frame Relay, HDLC, PPP, Bridging

– Layer 3

• IPv4, IPv6, Routing Logic, RIP, EIGRP, OSPF, BGP, Multicast, MPLS

– Misc.

• QoS, IOS Security, IOS Features & Management

• Exam Topics

• Exam Tutorial

– Review type of exam questions

Recommended Readings (WOW!)

• CCIE Routing and Switching Exam Certification Guide

• Routing TCP/IP, Volume I

• Routing TCP/IP, Volume II

• Troubleshooting IP Routing Protocols

• Inside Cisco IOS Software Architecture (CCIE Professional Development Series)

• Cisco LAN Switching (CCIE Professional Development series)

• Cisco OSPF Command and Configuration Handbook (paperback)

• Cisco BGP-4 Command and Configuration Handbook

• Cisco Field Manual: Router Configuration

• Cisco Field Manual: Catalyst Switch Configuration

• Developing IP Multicast Networks, Volume I

• Internet Routing Architectures

• MPLS and VPN Architectures

• MPLS and VPN Architectures, Volume II

• Cisco Catalyst QoS: Quality of Service in Campus Networks

• End-to-End QoS Network Design: Quality of Service in LANs, WANs, and VPNs

• Deploying IPv6 Networks

• Network Security Technologies and Solutions (CCIE Professional Development Series)


CCIE Routing and Switching Exam Certification Guide
CCIE Routing and Switching Exam Quick Reference: Exam 350-001 v3.1 (Digital Short Cut)
CCIE Routing and Switching Practice Labs (Digital Short Cut)
CCIE Routing and Switching v4.0 Troubleshooting Practice Labs
Routing TCP/IP, Volume 1
Routing TCP/IP, Volume II (CCIE Professional Development)
Troubleshooting IP Routing Protocols
Inside Cisco IOS Software Architecture (CCIE Professional Development Series)
Cisco LAN Switching (CCIE Professional Development series)
Cisco OSPF Command and Configuration Handbook (paperback)
Cisco BGP-4 Command and Configuration Handbook
Cisco Field Manual: Router Configuration
Cisco Field Manual: Catalyst Switch Configuration
Developing IP Multicast Networks, Volume I
Internet Routing Architectures
MPLS and VPN Architectures
MPLS and VPN Architectures, Volume II
Cisco Catalyst QoS: Quality of Service in Campus Networks (paperback)
End-to-End QoS Network Design: Quality of Service in LANs, WANs, and VPNs
Deploying IPv6 Networks
Network Security Technologies and Solutions (CCIE Professional Development Series)

Using the Cisco Documentation

– Configuration Guide

– Command Reference

– Master Index

– New Feature List

• Search is disabled in lab exam.

CCIE R&S Video Outline

I will be starting with these videos:

CCIE Routing & Switching Written Exam Outline :: Runtime 8 hours 54 minutes

  • Introduction
  • VLANs,Trunking and VTP
  • Spanning Tree Protocol
  • EtherChannel
  • Frame Relay
  • IPv4 Routing Overview
  • RIP
  • OSPF
  • BGP
  • IPv6
  • MPLS
  • Multicast
  • Security
  • Network Services
  • QoS

I will then be going onto these:

CCIE Routing & Switching Advanced Technologies Outline :: Runtime 81 hours 59 minutes

  • Introduction
  • Using the Cisco Documentation
  • Ethernet Overview, Layer 2 Switchports, Trunking, ISL, 802.1q, DTP
  • VTP, VTP Authentication, VTP Pruning
  • VTP Prune Eligible List, VTP Transparent, VTP Troubleshooting, Trunk Allowed List, Extended VLANs
  • VLAN and VTP Review
  • SVIs, Native Routed Interfaces, Router-on-a-Stick
  • Layer 2 EtherChannel, EtherChannel Load Balancing, Layer 3 EtherChannel
  • 802.1q Tunneling, Layer 2 Protocol Tunneling, EtherChannel over 802.1q Tunneling
  • STP Root Bridge Election, STP Root Port Election, STP Designated Port Election, STP Priority, STP Cost, STP Port-Priority
  • STP Review
  • STP Timers, STP PortFast
  • STP UplinkFast
  • STP BackboneFast
  • STP BPDU Filter
  • STP BPDU Guard
  • STP Root Guard
  • STP Loop Guard, Unidirectional Link Detection (UDLD)
  • Multiple Spanning-Tree Protocol (MST)
  • Rapid Spanning-Tree Protocol (RSTP), Rapid-PVST
  • MST with Multiple Regions
  • Flex Links
  • Frame Relay
  • Frame Relay Configuration Part 1
  • Frame Relay Configuration Part 2
  • Frame Relay Switching
  • Back-to-Back Frame Relay
  • Frame-Relay End-to-End Keepalives
  • PPP, PPP PAP Authentication, PPP CHAP Authentication
  • Transparent Bridging, IRB
  • Fallback Bridging
  • IP Routing Overview, Switching Paths, Static Routing
  • Static Routing Examples
  • IP Default-Gateway, IP Default-Network
  • On-Demand Routing (ODR)
  • Floating Static Routes
  • Backup Interface
  • Enhanced Object Tracking, IP SLA, Reliable Static Routing
  • Policy Routing
  • GRE Tunneling, GRE Recursive Routing Errors
  • Reliable Backup Interface with GRE
  • RIP Overview, RIP Versions, RIP Auto-Summary
  • RIP Split-Horizon, RIP Timers
  • RIP Broadcast Updates, IP Directed Broadcast, IP Broadcast-Address, Smurf Attacks, Fraggle Attacks
  • RIP Unicast Updates
  • RIP Offset-List
  • RIP Authentication
  • RIP Summarization
  • Prefix-Lists, RIP Distribute-List Filtering, RIP Administrative Distance Filtering
  • RIP Default Routing, RIP Conditional Default Routing
  • RIP Triggered, RIP Validate Update Source,
  • EIGRP Overview
  • EIGRP Auto-Summary
  • EIGRP Split-Horizon
  • EIGRP Update Types, EIGRP Neighbor, EIGRP Passive-Interface
  • EIGRP Hello-Interval, EIGRP Hold-Time
  • EIGRP Authentication
  • EIGRP Time Based Authentication
  • EIGRP Path Selection, EIGRP Metric Weights, EIGRP Traffic Engineering
  • EIGRP Unequal Cost Load Balancing, EIGRP Variance
  • EIGRP QUERY, EIGRP Summarization, EIGRP Leak-Map
  • EIGRP Stub Router Advertisement
  • EIGRP Default Routing
  • EIGRP Route Filtering
  • EIGRP Router-ID
  • Miscellaneous EIGRP Features
  • OSPF Overview
  • Establishing OSPF Adjacencies, Understanding the OSPF Database
  • OSPF Network Type Broadcast, OSPF DR/BDR Election, OSPF over NBMA, OSPF Network Type Non-Broadcast and Point-to-Multipoint
  • OSPF Network Type Point-to-Point, OSPF Network Type Mismatch
  • OSPF Network Type Point-to-Multipoint Non-Broadcast, OSPF Per Neighbor Cost
  • OSPF Network Type Loopback
  • OSPF Path Selection
  • OSPF Convergence Timers
  • OSPF Authentication
  • OSPF Summarization
  • OSPF Stub Areas, OSPF Totally Stubby Areas, OSPF NSSAs, OSPF Totally NSSAs
  • Controlling OSPF NSSA Redistribution
  • 80OSPF Type 7 to 5 Translator Election, OSPF LSA Type 3 Filter, OSPF Forwarding Address Suppression
  • Route Redistribution Overview
  • Route Redistribution Configuration & Verification, Connected Redistribution
  • OSPF External Path Selection, TCL PING Scripting
  • Routing Loops Overview, EIGRP Route Loop Prevention
  • Metric Based Routing Loops, Route Tagging
  • Administrative Distance Based Routing Loops, Debug IP Routing, IP Route Profile
  • BGP Overview, BGP Peering Types
  • Establishing BGP Peerings, EBGP Multihop, BGP Neighbor Disable Connected Check, BGP TTL Security
  • BGP 4-Byte ASNs
  • BGP Local AS, BGP Peer Groups, BGP Next-Hop Self, BGP Next-Hop Processing
  • BGP Local AS, BGP Peer Groups, BGP Next-Hop Self, BGP Next-Hop Processing
  • BGP Route Reflectors
  • Large Scale BGP Route Reflectors with Clusters
  • BGP Confederation
  • BGP NLRI Advertisements, BGP Network Statement, BGP Redistribution
  • BGP Aggregation, BGP Aggregation & Summary-Only, BGP Aggregation & Unsuppress-Map
  • BGP Origin, BGP Aggregation & AS-Set, BGP Aggregation & Advertise-Map
  • BGP Conditional Route Injection
  • BGP Bestpath Selection, BGP Multipath, BGP Weight
  • BGP Local Preference, BGP Local Preference and Communities, BGP AS-Path Prepending,
  • BGP MED, BGP MED Missing As Worst, BGP Deterministic MED
  • BGP Communites, BGP Regular Expressions
  • BGP Filtering, BGP Convergence Timers, BGP Default Routing, Miscellaneous BGP Features
  • MPLS Overview, MPLS Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)
  • MPLS Tunnels, MPLS Penultimate Hop Popping (PHP)
  • MPLS Layer 3 VPNs Overview, VRF Lite
  • MPLS Layer 3 VPNs and VPNv4 BGP
  • MPLS Layer 3 VPN Verification & Troubleshooting
  • MPLS Layer 3 VPN OSPF PE-CE Routing Overview
  • MPLS Layer 3 VPN OSPF PE-CE Routing Path Selection & Sham-Links
  • MPLS Layer 3 VPN OSPF PE-CE Routing Loop Prevention & Down-Bit, OSPF Capability VRF-Lite
  • IPv6 Overview, IPv6 ICMPv6 ND, IPv6 over NBMA
  • IPv6 Routing Overview, IPv6 Static Routing
  • IPv6 RIPng
  • IPv6 EIGRPv6
  • IPv6 OSPFv3
  • MP-BGP for IPv6
  • IPv6 Tunneling
  • Multicast Overview, IGMP
  • PIM Overview
  • PIM Dense Mode
  • PIM Sparse Mode
  • PIM Sparse Mode Configuration
  • PIM Sparse Mode RPF & RP Troubleshooting
  • Auto-RP, Multicast over GRE Tunnels
  • Bootstrap Router (BSR), Bidirectional PIM, Source Specific Multicast (SSM)
  • MSDP, Anycast RP
  • IPv6 Multicast Routing
  • QoS Overview, IntServ QoS, DiffServ QoS, IP Precedence, DSCP, MQC, HQF
  • MQC Classification
  • LLQ
  • WRED
  • Traffic Shaping, Traffic Policing
  • Frame Relay Traffic Shaping (FRTS)
  • RSVP
  • Catalyst 3560 QoS
  • IOS Security Overview, Access Lists (ACLs)
  • Time Based ACLs, Dynamic ACLs
  • Reflexive ACLs
  • TCP Intercept, Content Based Access Control (CBAC)
  • Zone Based Policy Firewall (ZBPF)
  • AAA, Local Authentication, Local Authorization, Role Based CLI Access
  • Port Security, Static CAM Entries, Storm Control, 802.1X Authentication, PACLs, RACLs, VLAN Access Maps (VACLs)
  • DHCP Snooping, Dynamic ARP Inspection (DAI), IP Source Guard
  • Protected Ports, Private VLANs
  • IP Services Overview, HSRP
  • NAT
  • NetFlow
  • WCCP, Miscellaneous IP Services
  • System Management Overview, NTP, NTP Authentication
  • Syslog, Telnet, SSH, Banners
  • EEM Scripting, Miscellaneous System Management

Written Exam Topics

Here is the rather long list from Cisco on all concepts you need to know for CCIE Written.
Exam Sections and Sub-task Objectives
1.00 Implement Layer 2 Technologies
1.10 Implement Spanning Tree Protocol (STP)
(a) 802.1d
(b) 802.1w
(c) 802.1s
(d) Loop guard
(e) Root guard
(f) Bridge protocol data unit (BPDU) guard
(g) Storm control
(h) Unicast flooding
(i) Port roles,  failure propagation, and loop guard operation
1.20 Implement VLAN and VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP)
1.30 Implement trunk and trunk protocols, EtherChannel, and load-balance
1.40 Implement Ethernet technologies
(a) Speed and duplex
(b) Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, and Gigabit Ethernet
(c) PPP over Ethernet  (PPPoE)
1.50 Implement Switched Port Analyzer (SPAN), Remote Switched Port Analyzer (RSPAN), and flow control
1.60 Implement Frame Relay
(a) Local Management   Interface (LMI)
(b) Traffic shaping
(c) Full mesh
(d) Hub and spoke
(e) Discard eligible   (DE)
1.70 Implement High-Level   Data Link Control (HDLC) and PPP
2.00 Implement IPv4
2.10 Implement IP version 4 (IPv4) addressing, subnetting, and variable-length subnet masking (VLSM)
2.20 Implement IPv4 tunneling and Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE)
2.30 Implement IPv4 RIP version 2 (RIPv2)
2.40 Implement IPv4 Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)
(a) Standard OSPF areas
(b) Stub area
(c) Totally stubby area
(d) Not-so-stubby-area (NSSA)
(e) Totally NSSA
(f) Link-state  advertisement (LSA) types
(g) Adjacency on a  point-to-point and on a multi-access network
(h) OSPF graceful restart
2.50 Implement IPv4 Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP)
(a) Best path
(b) Loop-free paths
(c) EIGRP operations when alternate loop-free paths are available, and when they are not available
(d) EIGRP queries
(e) Manual   summarization and autosummarization
(f) EIGRP stubs
2.60 Implement IPv4 Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
(a) Next hop
(b) Peering
(c) Internal BorderGateway Protocol (IBGP) and External Border Gateway Protocol (EBGP)
2.70 Implement policy routing
2.80 Implement Performance Routing (PfR) and Cisco Optimized Edge Routing (OER)
2.90 Implement filtering, route redistribution, summarization, synchronization, attributes, and other advanced features
3.00 Implement IPv6
3.10 Implement IP version 6 (IPv6) addressing and different addressing types
3.20 Implement IPv6 neighbor discovery
3.30 Implement basic IPv6 functionality protocols
3.40 Implement tunneling techniques
3.50 Implement OSPF version 3 (OSPFv3)
3.60 Implement EIGRP version 6 (EIGRPv6)
3.70 Implement filtering and route redistribution
4.00 Implement MPLS Layer 3 VPNs
4.10 Implement   Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)
4.20 Implement Layer 3 virtual private networks (VPNs) on provider edge (PE), provider (P), and customer edge (CE) routers
4.30 Implement virtual   routing and forwarding (VRF) and Multi-VRF Customer Edge (VRF-Lite)
5.00 Implement IP Multicast
5.10 Implement Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) sparse mode
5.20 Implement Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP)
5.30 Implement interdomain multicast routing
5.40 Implement PIM Auto-Rendezvous Point (Auto-RP), unicast rendezvous point (RP), and   bootstrap router (BSR)
5.50 Implementmulticast tools, features, and source-specific multicast
5.60 Implement IPv6 multicast, PIM, and related multicast protocols, such as Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD)
6.00 Implement Network   Security
6.01 Implement access lists
6.02 Implement Zone Based Firewall
6.03 Implement Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding (uRPF)
6.04 Implement IP Source Guard
6.05 Implement authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) (configuring the AAA server is not required, only the client-side (IOS) is configured)
6.06 Implement Control Plane Policing (CoPP)
6.07 Implement Cisco IOS Firewall
6.08 Implement Cisco IOS Intrusion Prevention System (IPS)
6.09 Implement Secure Shell (SSH)
6.10 Implement 802.1x
6.11 Implement NAT
6.12 Implement routing protocol authentication
6.13 Implement device access control
6.14 Implement security features
7.00 Implement Network   Services
7.10 Implement Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP)
7.20 Implement Gateway Load Balancing Protocol (GLBP)
7.30 Implement Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)
7.40 Implement Network Time Protocol (NTP)
7.50 Implement DHCP
7.60 Implement Web Cache Communication Protocol (WCCP)
8.00 Implement Quality of   Service (QoS)
8.10 Implement Modular QoS CLI (MQC)
(a) Network-Based Application Recognition (NBAR)
(b) Class-based weighted fair queuing (CBWFQ),  modified deficit round robin (MDRR), and low latency queuing (LLQ)
(c) Classification
(d) Policing
(e) Shaping
(f) Marking
(g) Weighted random early detection (WRED) and random early detection (RED)
(h) Compression
8.20 Implement Layer 2 QoS: weighted round robin (WRR), shaped round robin (SRR), and policies
8.30 Implement link fragmentation and interleaving (LFI) for Frame Relay
8.40 Implement generic traffic shaping
8.50 Implement Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP)
8.60 Implement Cisco AutoQoS
9.00 Troubleshoot a  Network
9.10 Troubleshoot complex Layer 2 network issues
9.20 Troubleshoot complex Layer 3 network issues
9.30 Troubleshoot a network in response to application problems
9.40 Troubleshoot network services
9.50 Troubleshoot network security
10.00 Optimize the Network
10.01 Implement syslog and local logging
10.02 Implement IP Service Level Agreement SLA
10.03 Implement NetFlow
10.04 Implement SPAN, RSPAN, and router IP traffic export (RITE)
10.05 Implement Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
10.06 Implement Cisco IOS Embedded Event Manager (EEM)
10.07 Implement Remote Monitoring (RMON)
10.08 Implement FTP
10.09 Implement TFTP
10.10 Implement TFTP server   on router
10.11 Implement  Secure Copy Protocol (SCP)
10.12 Implement HTTP and   HTTPS
10.13 Implement Telnet
11.00 Evaluate proposed changes to a Network
11.01 Evaluate interoperability of proposed technologies against deployed technologies
(a) Changes to routing protocol parameters
(b) Migrate parts of a network to IPv6
(c) Routing Protocol migration
(d) Adding multicast support
(e) Migrate spanning tree protocol
(f) Evaluate impact of new traffic on existing QoS design
11.02 Determine operational impact of proposed changes to an existing network
(a) Downtime of network or portions of network
(b) Performance degradation
(c) Introducing security breaches
11.03 Suggest Alternative solutions when incompatible changes are proposed to an existing network
(a) Hardware/Software upgrades
(b) Topology shifts
(c) Reconfigurations

CCIE R&S Written Exam

So Step One is to pass the written exam. Here are the details:

CCIE® Routing & Switching Written

350-001 CCIE Exam v4.0

Exam Number: 350-001
Associated Certifications: CCIE RS
Duration: 120 minutes (90-110 questions)
Available Languages: English
Click Here to Register: Pearson VUE
Exam Policies: Read current policies and requirements
Exam Tutorial: Review type of exam questions
CCIE Policies: Review the current CCIE Policies.

Exam Description

The CCIE written exam is a two-hour qualification exam, taken at a Cisco authorized Pearson VUE testing center. The exam uses a combination of multiple choice questions and simulations to assess the skills listed under Exam Topics.  Exams are closed book and no reference materials are allowed.

I expect more ‘typical’ Cisco questions, however my instinct is that this will be more ‘up my alley’ and hopefully I won’t find the questions as awkward. :/ Heres hoping!

More info..

Written Exam Topics (Blueprint) v4.0

The Routing and Switching written exam (#350-001) has 100 multiple-choice questions and is two hours in duration. The topic areas listed are general guidelines for the type of content that is likely to appear on the exam. Please note, however, that other relevant or related topic areas may also appear.

Suggested Training

Cisco provides a flexible and integrated learning program using instructor-led and self-paced training, hands-on exercises, assessments, and practice exams to build the expert skills required for CCIE certification.  The Cisco 360 Learning Program for CCIE R&S is available from specially trained and authorized learning partners.  Other individual Cisco training courses can fill in gaps in a candidate’s experience or knowledge.

Reading List

This page lists reading materials on topics appearing on the CCIE exam blueprints. They are not required study resources, however, they can be used to build knowledge in certain areas.

Online Resources

Similar to the book list, the list of online resources provides links to articles, white papers, and documentation on topics covered in the blueprint.

Quick Learning Modules

The following Module(s) has been identified to cover content found in the Exam Topics.

Study Documents

Community-Generated Content

This content was created by community members, and has not been reviewed by Cisco.  Be sure to rate the content and provide your comments.

CCIE Introduction

Here are extracts from Cisco themselves on what the CCIE R&S is all about:

Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert Routing and Switching (CCIE Routing and Switching) certifies the skills required of expert-level network engineers to plan, operate and troubleshoot complex, converged network infrastructure.


There are no formal prerequisites for CCIE certification. Other professional certifications or training courses are not required. Instead, candidates must first pass a written qualification exam and then the corresponding hands-on lab exam. You are expected to have an in-depth understanding of the topics in the exam blueprints and strongly encouraged to have three to five years of job experience before attempting certification.

Step One: CCIE Routing and Switching Written Exam

You must pass the two-hour, written qualification exam, which covers networking concepts and some equipment commands before you are eligible to schedule the lab exam.

Step Two: CCIE Routing and Switching Lab Exam

The eight-hour lab exam tests your ability to configure actual equipment and troubleshoot the network in a timed test situation. You must make an initial attempt of the CCIE lab exam within 18-months of passing the CCIE written exam. If you do not pass the lab exam within three years of passing the written exam, you must retake the written exam before being allowed to attempt the lab exam again.